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Transmitters in areas of the brain involved in memory function. They are markedly decreased in Alzheimer's patients
Active life expectancy
Activities of Daily Living
No process within society that mandates the withdrawal of the older individual from social activity at large.
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967
Age Pigment Theory
Aging in Place
American Association of Retired Persons
Represent a change in male hormonal balance.
A specialized group of proteins which work to ward off infections and invasions by foreign substances.
Proteins and other molecules that defend agains free radicals.
The loss of the ability to use language (spoken and written).
Programmed cell death, cell suicide.
Vascular degeneration that causes thickening and loss of resiliency of the arterial wall.
Assisted Living Facility (ALF)
Specific type of arteriosclerosis. Characterized by an accumulation of connective tissue and fatty streaks in the arterial walls.
The average of individual lifespans for members of a cohort.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
The most common form of skin cancer.
Basal Metabolic Rate
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Grief experienced by loss of a loved one due to death.
The study of biological processes giving rise to old age.
To identify individuals born in the same year or the same common psychosocial events
Birth Rate and Fecundity
Process of reducing caloric intake in order to increase the lifespan of a given species.
Conducted experiments with cell doubling. Argued that cells were immortal; later proved wrong.
Cellular Theories of Aging
Theories which are based on changes that occur in structural and functional elements of cells with the passage of time.
Individuals 100 years of age and older
Center For Medicare and Medicaid Servcies (CMMS)/Health Care
Central Nervous System
Chronic Health Conditions
Age in years
Proponent of programmed aging theory. Death is intrinsic.
Concurrent health conditions. Occurs when an individual is affected by several diseases simultaneously
Compression of Morbidity
A shortening in the length of time between onset of disease and death.
Compression of Mortality
Outer layer of bone; dense and compact.
Studies which compare characteristics among different age groups at one time.
Form of mental ability that includes material learned over the total life span and includes verbal ability, verbal reasoning, problem solving, and basic knowledge of one's world.
Defined Contribution plans
Employee has the major responsibility for how to plan for retirement.
Defined Pension Plan
Computed directly on sme stated combination of employee age, years on the job, and wage history.
Change in consciousness or cognitive ability with an acute onset.
Receptor membranes of neurons.
Global deterioration of intellectual and cognitive function. Characterized by defects in orientation, memory, intellect, judgement, and affect.
The shift from high fertility and high mortality to low fertility and low mortality. As a result of this shift, the population of older people within a general population increases.
Study of characteristics of a population.
State of mood characterized by emotional (affective), somatic (bodily or vegetative), and interpersonal distress.
Disability Adjusted Life Expectancy
Mutual process of disengagement in activities expected by the individual and by society.
Disposable Soma Theory
Neurotransmitter associated with Parkinson's disease.
Durable Power of Attorney
Difficulty in swallowing.
The study of characteristics of diseases and illnesses within a population.
Error Catastrophe Theory
Individual do not disengage, there is a process by which the activities of the individual change according to physical, mental, social, and financial resources.
Extrinsic aging theories
Financing Administration (HCFA)
Represents the ability to perform novel tasks well or take order, well-established skills and use them to solve a new problem
Force of mortality
A number representing the likelihood that an individual of a given age will survive into some higher age bracket
Four-legged Chair of Income
Free Radical Theory
Molecules (rarely occurring in nature) that contain one or more unpaired electrons. Result from breaks in chemical bonds. They combine rapidly with other free radicals. They are dangerous because: a) they attack other molecules indiscriminately, b) they produce oxygen consuming chain reactions, and c) they cause crosslinking of other molecules.
Compression of morbidity
Ability of the individual to perform desired activities with ease and grace
Functional Mental Disorders
Environmental and genetic factors cause females to live longer than males.
State of being or doing well in life.
The branch of medicine that deals with the problems and diseases associated with old age.
The study of aging and age-related processes and events.
Part of psychiatry that focuses on diagnosis and treatment of mental illness in the elderly.
Scientific field concerned with the multiple aspects of normal and abnormal changes in cognition, personality, well-being, and mental health that occur with aging in the later years of life.
Eye disease which damages optic nerve fibers. Results from an increase in intraocular pressure.
Proved Carrel's argument for cell immortality wrong. Conducted experiments with cell doublings and found cells typically doubled 50 +/- 10 times.
Cells double 50 +/- 10 times and then they die. Evidence that cells are not immortal.
Adjustments and adaptations to changes. The ability to maintain constant function.
Infantile form of progeria syndrome. Associated with stunted growth, skin atrophy, and hypertension.
Medically induced morbidity and/or mortality.
Informal Care Networks
Instrumental Activities of Daily Living
The ability of a single dimensional assessment tool to assess a common pheonmenon
Intrinsic aging theories
A parallel concept to the social breakdown syndrome posit considerable responsibility on the individual
Level of Care Acute
Average amount of life (time/years) for a cohort.
A sense of well-being and may be assessed in terms of mood, satisfaction with relations with others and with achieved goals, self-concepts, and self-perceived ability to cope with daily life.
Locus of Control
Individual's view of determinants of events.
Studies in which the same group of individuals are examined at regular intervals throughout a given time period.
Lung Vital Capacity
Across adult life span is most easily described by a U-shaped curve
The longest life of an individual of a certain species (current human maximum lifespan: 115-120).
The most dangerous form of skin cancer.
Multidimensional change in woman, the core feature of which is the end of menses with a concomitant decrease in estrogen and progesterone.
Molecular Theories of Aging
Theories which revolve around the idea that all individuals within a species have a similar length of life and that individuals from different species have different lifespans.
Patterns of illness.
How societies evolve over time in the face of changing levels of technology and occupations.
Patterns of death.
Several generations of the same family live together.
Multiple Infarct Senile Dementia
Identify those whose incomes or financial resources exceed current federal guidelines defining poverty but who have very limited economic resources.
NEO-PR or NEO-PIR
Rare in normal aging but common in individuals with Alzheimer's disease.
Intracellular tangles masses of fibrous elements.
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA)
Proponent of error catastrophe theory.
Non-systemic, degenerative joint disease which damages the cartilage.
Responsible for bone formation.
Responsible for bone resorption.
Disease characterized by low bone mass and structural deterioration of bone tissue. Disease causes bone fragility and fractures.
Perpsecutory delusion, and suspiciousness in the elderly often are seen in conjunction with onset and progression of dementia.
Inflammation of the peridontal membrane.
Match of the older individual's abilities, needs, and interests with the physical and social/cultural environment.
The processes involved in the interaction between a drug and its effect on an organ.
The handling of a drug within the body, including its absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination.
Functions and vital processes of an organism, organs, or system of organs.
Preretirement Planning and Programs
Age-related changes in the perception of pain.
Age-related hearing loss. Progressive. Higher frequencies are lost first.
Age-related changes in taste.
Age-related changes in eyesight. The lens hardens and loses its ability to change shape and focus.
Pressure Sores (decubitus ulcers)
Basic processes of senescence are controlled at a preprogrammed level within cells
Pencil and paper inventories
Proprietary Homes Operated as a business for profit
Public nursing homes
Owned by the state or some local governmental agency
Recall And Recognition
Reliability The accuracy of measurement of the tool or instrument employed
Systemic disease of the peripheral joints which begins in the soft tissue lining of joints and is characterized by swelling, warmth, and tenderness.
Represents those who care not only for their own children but also act in a caregiver role for their own parent(s).
Mental illness associated with delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior; and loss of care or emotions about things that the individual found interesting and emotionally satisfying in the past.
The condition of being old, state of old age characteristic of the later years of the lifespan. Senescence is universal, intrinsic, progressive, and deleterious.
Senile Macular Degeneration
The degeneration of the macula, which provides the structural basis for high visual acuity.
Cognitive changes often observed in older adults
A measure refers to its ability to identify
Social Breakdown Syndrome
Loss of self-esteem, increased dependence, increased passivity, and propensity to a sick role.
Social Security Act
Societal Support Ratio
A measure is its ability to exclude
Stages of Dying
Stages of Grief
Agitated behavior and confusion during the later afternoon and early evening that is often seen in individuals with Azheimer's disease.
Systemic Level Theories of Aging
Includes neuroendocrine and immunologic
Tail portion of chromosomes. They shrink and shed with each cell division. Their length gives some indication of the number of divisions a cell has undergone.
Changes that occur as individuals approach death
Three-legged Stool of Income
Income in the later years of life.
Interior part of bone. It has a honeycomb structure and is spongy.
Enduring personality characteristic that remains stable with normal aging across the adult life span.
Usual Life Span
Voluntary Nursing Homes
Not-for-profit and often are sponsored by churches and service organizations
Proponent of immune system theory.
Wear and Tear Theory
Adult form of progeria syndrome. Onset occurs between 20 and 30 years of age. Characterized by gray hair, rough skin, and problems with joints.
Dry mouth due to decline in salivary secretion.
65 to 75 years of age