## Study Guide for the final exam

The exam will have 25 questions, each weighted 4 points. There should be ample room to show your work.

Here is a list of material included on the exam.

 SECTION MATERIAL 1.1, 1.2 Be able to recognize if a passage is an argument, and if it is, identify the premise(s) and conclusion(s). 1.3, 1.4 Decide if an argument is deductive, inductive, valid, invalid, sound, unsound, strong, weak, cogent, uncogent. 1.5 Use the conuterexample method to prove invalidity. 4.3 Use Venn diagrams or the Modern Square of Opposition to analyze validity of immediate inferences. 4.7 Translate sentences into categorical propositions. 5.2 Use Venn diagrams to analyze validity of categorical arguments.
 6.1, 6.2 Be able to translate sentences into symbolic form with capital letters representing simple statements. 6.2 Know and understand the five logical operators and their truth tables. 6.3 Be able to work out the truth tables for statements, and identify statements as tautologous, self-contradictory or contingent. Use truth tables to decide if pairs of statements are logically equivalent, contradictory, consistent or inconsistent. 6.4 Determine the validity of an argument by writing its truth table. 6.5 Use indirect truth tables to test validity of arguments and consistency of gruops of statements.
 7.1--7.4 Know the 18 rules of implication and replacement. Be able to apply them to deduce conclusions of arguments. Be ready to handle arguments in either symbolic form or in words. 7.5 Know, understand and be able to use the technique of conditional proof. 7.6 Know, understand and be able to use the technique of indirect proof.
 8.1 Translate statements into symbolic form, using quantifiers if necessary. 8.2 Know, understand and be able to use the rules UI, UG, EI, EG. 8.3 Know, understand and be able to use the CQ rules. 8.4 Know, understand and be able to use the techniques of condintional and indirect proof. 8.5 Be able to prove invalidity using the both the counterexample method and the finite universe method.

For practice, you may wish to try the sample final exam.