Leonard A. Smock
Professor and Chairman of the Department of Biology
Life Sciences Building
1000 West Cary Street
P. O. Box 842012
Research interests: aquatic ecology;
streams and wetlands; ecology of aquatic insects; water pollution
My primary research interests focus on community to
ecosystem level aspects of streams and riverine wetlands, especially
low-gradient blackwater streams and their floodplains. Much of my work has
involved aspects of habitat utilization, resource partitioning, and the trophic
and production ecology of aquatic invertebrates. My work also examines linkages
between invertebrates and detritus dynamics in stream channels with those in
fringing floodplains. Other recent research efforts include the effects of
changing land-use patterns on the biological structure of streams and the
ecology of crayfish.
Stream Ecology - Bio
1964-1969 B.S. Biology
1969-1970 M.S. Zoology
University of North
Ph.D. Environmental Biology
1972-1974 Aquatic Biologist
U.S. Army Environmental
University 1979-1985 Assistant Professor
Commonwealth University 1985-1990 Associate Professor
Virginia Commonwealth University 1990-present
Professor and Chair
American Association for the Advancement of
American Society of Limnology and
Ecological Society of
North American Benthological
Societas Internationalis Limnologie
Honors and Awards
Fellow, American Association
for the Advancement of Science
Kirk, D.J. and L.A. Smock. In press.
Interspecific and intraspecific interactions between crayfish and hellgrammites
and the influence of predatory fish. American Midland Naturalist.
A.C., A.D. Huryn, L.A. Smock and J.B. Wallace. 1999. Length-mass relationships
for freshwater macroinvertebrates in North America with particular reference to
the southeastern United States. Journal of the North American Benthological
Smock, L.A. 1999. Integrating wetlands into benthic
science. Bulletin of the North American Benthological Society 16:269-274.
Smock, L.A. 1999. Riverine floodplain forests of the southeastern United
States: invertebrates in an aquatic-terrestrial ecotone. Chapter 7 in D.
Batzer and S. Wissinger (editors). Invertebrates in Freshwater Wetlands of North
America: Ecology and Management. John Wiley & Sons.
L.A. Smock and S.H. Sklarew. 1998. The water shrew, Sorex palustris
Richardson (Insectivora:Soricidae), and its habitat in Virginia. Brimleyana
Smock, L.A. 1997. Organic matter dynamics in Buzzards Branch,
a blackwater stream in Virginia, USA. In J.R. Webster and J.L. Meyer (editors).
Stream organic matter budgets. Journal of the North American Benthological
Smock, L.A. 1996. Macroinvertebrate movements: drift,
colonization and emergence. Chapter 17 in F. R. Hauer and G. A. Lamberti
(editors). Methods in Stream Ecology. Academic Press, San Diego.
C.L. and L.A. Smock. 1996. Spatial and temporal variation of microbial
metabolism in a blackwater stream. Freshwater Biology 36:339-349.
L.A. and S. B. Gazzera. 1996. Effects of experimental acidification on a
southeastern U.S.A. blackwater stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology 11:81-90.
Balfour, D.L. and L.A. Smock. 1995. Distribution, age structure, and
movements of the freshwater unionid mussel Elliptio complanata
(Mollusca:Unionidae) in a headwater stream. Journal of Freshwater Ecology
Smock, L.A. 1994. Movements of invertebrates between stream
channels and forested floodplains. Journal of the North American Benthological
Smock, L.A., L.C. Smith, J.B. Jones, Jr., and S.M.
Hooper. 1994. Effects of drought and a hurricane on a coastal headwater stream.
Archiv fur Hydrobiologie 131:25-38.
Publications on Buzzards
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