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Lesson 19

Connectivity (III)

Some more connectivity words follow
19.1 deam ==> but

Haile Afyetr mada gn deam Awka nimada AKlla
Haile is Afyet's friend but Awka is not (his) friend.

Kerendi Hagazdi gebgeba gn deam Asmara shiraKw gn.
Keren and Hagaz are nearer to each other but Asmara is far away.

19.1 -sena, rsena, ==> as, like,

dmura gemenisena gn
A cat is like a lion

Keren Hagazrsena emblawaKw gn
Keren is warm as Hagaz  Keren is (as) warm (as) Hagaz

19.3 -Kr ==> also

dmura gdng tekekw gemensKr tekekw  
A cat looks like also (it looks like) a lion.

enqaqKr quaqresena srera serenekw
Girls also boys as trousers wear  Girls also wear trousers as boys do.

HaileKr Afyetdi feruKw
Haile(also) Afyet(with) went.  Haile also went with Afyet.

NOTE on use of the suffix -di:
-di can have three different meaning - and, of, with - depending up
on the usage

(i)-di  with. In the above sentence (19.3): Afyetdi  with Afyet
. When di  with,  the word to which -di is attached is followed by a verb

(ii) In Lesson 14 (Example 14.2) -di means "of",  the same as the
apostrophe s in English. The word that follows -di is usually a noun
that is possessed by (or related to) the word to which -di is attache
as in (Example 14.2).

Amir     Amirdi ling'n   Amir's house
sabur   saburdi menkineti  Sabur's car
Dar       Dardi wes    Dar's cattle.

(ii)  -di ... -di  and, as in Example 17.1

Adi 	Bdi  	A and B
Adi 	Bdi 	Cdi 	Ddi 	Edi  A, B, C, D and E
Gabrdi Hailedi shan gn Gabr and Haile are brothers.
Gabrdi Afyetdi shan gn  Gabr and Afyet are siblings.
dmuredi gd'ngdi enkelsngeni   A cat and a dog dislike each other.

New vocabulary

AKlla (she) is not (opposite of gn, for "she") geba near, gebgeba near (to) each other shiraKw far away, distant emblawaKw warm tekekna, is like, seems; tekekw is like, as, is similar to

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