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Lesson 14

Possessives (of...). -r and -di

The possession of a particular noun (or relation to other) by a person is shown using the suffix -r, which is attached to the name of a person. -r functions in the same way as the English apostrophe s does.

Example 14.1.

Name               Name + r
Haile                 	Hailer  = Haile's
Gaim                 	Gaim'r = Gaim's
Afyet                	Afyetr = Afyet's
Let us see some short sentences using -r in names
Hailer shani           	Haile's sister
Hailer dan             	Haile's brother
Gaimr gena           	Gaim's mother
Gaimr menkineti  	Gaim's car
Afyetr rang          	Afyet's husband
Gebrer ktub          	Gebre's book
This is the general rule for all names that do not end in r. For names that end in -r, we use -di instead of -r.
 Example 14.2
Amer     	Amirdi 		= Amir's
Sabur   	Saburdi   	= Sabur's (read s as in English)
Dar        	Dardi    	= Dar's

Amir     	Amirdi ling'n  	= Amir's house
sabur   	saburdi menkineti = Sabur's car
Dar       	Dardi wes   	= Dar's cattle
But possession (of) can also be described in other ways, as in dan saburduKw, sabursi nidan, both meaning "the brother of Sabur". We shall see some of these in subsequent Lessons.

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