Possessives (of...). -r and -di
The possession of a particular noun (or relation to other) by a person
is shown using the suffix -r, which is attached to the name of a person.
-r functions in the same way as the English apostrophe s does.
Name Name + r
Haile Hailer = Haile's
Gaim Gaim'r = Gaim's
Afyet Afyetr = Afyet's
Let us see some short sentences using -r in names
Hailer shani Haile's sister
Hailer dan Haile's brother
Gaimr gena Gaim's mother
Gaimr menkineti Gaim's car
Afyetr rang Afyet's husband
Gebrer ktub Gebre's book
This is the general rule for all names that do not end in r. For names
that end in -r, we use -di instead of -r.
Amer Amirdi = Amir's
Sabur Saburdi = Sabur's (read s as in English)
Dar Dardi = Dar's
Amir Amirdi ling'n = Amir's house
sabur saburdi menkineti = Sabur's car
Dar Dardi wes = Dar's cattle
But possession (of) can also be described in other ways, as in dan
saburduKw, sabursi nidan, both meaning "the brother of Sabur". We shall
see some of these in subsequent Lessons.
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