lecture 3 - outline
Neolithic - continued
Advent of sun worship, astronomy
"Sunstone" - more at
The First Cities
The First Towns:
Seedbeds Of Civilization - History World
- Local Histories
Catul Huyuk c. 7000 - 6500 B.C. - (Pre-Hittite Anatolian)
larger city - trade with Jericho.
wall paintings (example: fresco, "Great Bull")
Pre-Hittite Anatolian Bronze Sculpture c. 2100 B.C.
(Mother & Child; 8")
Aug., 2002: Anatolian
Art and Architecture - Encyclopedia Brittanica
Mesopotamia - Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia:
a - Penfield Central School District
Statuette of Sumerian Worshipper
(11", gypsum; 'early dynasty')
Stele of Hammurabi (Babylonian King)
(7' 4.5"; Basalt) 1790 B.C.
Vitally important in the history of Law and Civilization,
The Stele of Hammurabi is also significant in the history
Here the leader is seen receiving his divine authority
to rule from Shamash.
The modern concept of a 'portrait' is still centuries away:
chiefly rulers, at this time in history still associated
are uniquely portrayed in art.
Generalizations of soldiers, slaves, etc. are usually presented
only the most important individuals are formally depicted
in this era.
Code of Hammurabi, King of Babylon - The Louvre
Stele of Hammurabi - Art History 235
of Hammurabi - Wikipedia
Anatolian Steles - show 'formalization' in depictions of rulers;
typical of this era :
Anatolian Funerary Stele in an Antique Shop in Seville, Spain
Assyrian, Tell Ahmar, Syria - c. 880 B.C.
Relief Panel - The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Cycladic - figurine 'idol'
marble, c. 2000 B.C.
marble, c. 3000 B.C., 11.5"
Minoan - fresco, "two ladies"
Mycenaean - Painted Stucco Head
limestone, c. 1300 B.C.
Cycladic Art and Culture - Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Ancient History Encyclopedia
Art - Wikipedia
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