Twitter @Gough_Lab

Gough Lab

Thanks for visiting! Here, you will find information about our research in plant physiological and ecosystem ecology. Our emphasis is on understanding how climate, disturbance, succession, and ecosystem structure affect leaf to ecosystem-scale function, with a focus on forest and wetland carbon cycling.  We are now seeking undergraduate and graduate student collaborators, and a postdoc to conduct Department of Energy (DOE), National Science Foundation (NSF), and NASA supported research at VCU's Rice Rivers Center, and the U. of Michigan Biological Station. Please contact Chris.

We are hiring a postdoctoral scholar and a part-time lab coordinator.

With several new projects underway, we welcome applicants for a part-time lab coordinator. We will advertise soon for a postdoc scholar to join a NASA project titled, “Globally-Derived Measures of Structure Informed by Ecological Theory and Observation”, a collaboration with the National Ecological Observatory Network’s Keith Krause and Rochester Institute of Technology’s Jan Van Aardt.




Spring 2022

January 2022

We’ve moved back to Richmond from the University of Michigan Biological Station and are gearing up for multiple new projects. With several recent lab graduates moving on and newly funded research, we are eager to partner with new students and postdocs on forest and wetland carbon cycling, and remote sensing focused projects. Reach out if you’d like to hear more!

A challenging year (again), for sure. But, an impressively productive one thanks to the incredible effort of students and former post-doc, Jeff, who published 14 papers in ’21 (see pubs tab for full list). We welcome several new members. Much to look forward to in the new year. 

Big-time congratulations to our phenomenal award-winning, graduating, and authored students in the lab: Laura Hickey—Outstanding Biology MS Award; Kayla Mathes—Outstanding Biology PhD Award; Kerstin Niedermaier—Outstanding Biology TA Award. Congrats to Spring MS graduates, Kerstin and Laura, on the publication of their theses in peer-reviewed journals! 


We are a student-centered, collaborative, creative and engaged research group. We like what we do, a lot. Lab members include undergraduate and graduate students, post-bacc researchers, post-docs, and artists. Students in the lab participate in all aspects of research, including study design, data collection and analysis, and publishing.


Chris Gough, Associate Professor

Carbon is my favorite element

Lisa Haber, PhD Candidate

Disturbance and forest + wetland leaf and canopy physiology


Kayla Mathes, PhD Candidate

Disturbance, stability theory, below-ground carbon cycling

Ariel Johnson, PhD Student

Forest compositional change and ecosystem resilience after disturbance


Sara Tenda, MS Student

Tidal wetland carbon cycling

Olu Johnson, undergraduate work study student

Leaf and root specialist


Logan Russell, undergraduate volunteer

Tidal wetland carbon cycling

Daulton White, undergraduate independent study and artist

Ecological  illustration


Akhil Valluri, BS, 2022, undergraduate independent study student

Jason Funderburk, BS, 2022, undergraduate volunteer

Kerstin Niedermaier, MS, 2022

Laura Hickey, MS, 2022

Erika Masis Laverde, BS, 2022, former artist in residence

Leah Capili, NSF REU, 2021

Dr. Jeff Atkins, Post-doc, 2015-2020: Now with USDA Forest Service

Ellen Stuart Haentjens, PhD, 2021: Now with US Geological Survey

Cameron Clay, MS, 2021

Max Grigri, MS, 2020 : Now Program Manager with Verra

Shea Wales, MS, 2019 : Now Environmental Scientist with Verra 

Ben Sagara, MS, 2017: Now VA Dept. of Game and Inland Fisheries

Cynthia Sheuermann, M.S. 2016: Now a USDA Forest Service Employee

Amy Schmid, M.S. Biology, 2015: Now Manager with Verra

Lisa Collins, M.ENVS.

Alexis Spencer, work study student

Alex Marini, field/lab tech, 2021

Kirsten Street, field/lab technician, 2020-2021

Carol-Anne Petit, field/lab technician, 2020

Keith Dickerson, field/lab technician, 2020

Alley Barry, field/lab technician, 2017-2018

Sheryl Yaconiello, field/lab technician, 2018

Chase Hershberger, field/lab technician, 2018

Catherine McQuigan, scientific illustrator, 2018


Our research focuses on how disturbance, succession, and climate shape ecosystem structure and function, particularly production and the carbon cycle. Our primary study system is forests and, more recently, wetlands.

Partially defoliated canopy.

Disturbance, succession, and forest carbon cycling.

Forests store immense amounts of carbon in biomass and soils, and mitigate climate change by absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide. We use large-scale experiments, computer models, and remote sensing to evaluate how and why disturbance and succession (i.e., forest age) affect the carbon cycle. We are particularly interested in what ecological characteristics lead to greater and more stable carbon sequestration in the face of accelerating disturbance occurrence from insect pests, fungal pathogens, extreme weather, and fire. Ongoing work focuses on understanding how different disturbance types and varying disturbance severities — causing low to high tree mortality — alter the carbon cycle. We’re also interested in understanding why many old forests, counter to theoretical expectations, sustain high rates of carbon sequestration. This work is supported by two National Science Foundation awards (1655095, 1856319) conducted at the University Michigan Biological Station, and engages undergraduate and graduate student and postdoc collaborators. 

Partially defoliated canopy.

Next generation remote sensing of forest structure-function interactions.

Leaf and stem arrangements and densities within forest canopies provide information about ecosystem functioning. Long-used measures of leaf area, for example, broadly predict forest growth and animal habitat suitability. Newer, ground-, air-, and space-borne 3-dimensional measurements of forest structure may be even more potent indicators of ecosystem functioning. This research thrust aims to use ecological theory and knowledge, the latest remote sensing tools, and computer models to develop, interpret, and apply a next generation of ecologically relevant forest structural metrics. Such metrics could prove useful to forest adaptive management in response to disturbance and climate change, the prediction of forest growth and yield, and habitat characterization. Our initial work was supported by the National Science Foundation, Emerging Frontiers (1550657), and continues with a recent award from NASA’s Decadal Survey through partnerships with the National Ecological Observatory Network’s (NEON) Keith Krause and Rochester Institute of Technology’s Jan Van Aardt. Image credit: Daulton White, lab resident artist biologist.

Hemispherical image of forest

Ameriflux Core Site: University of Michigan Biological Station.

For over 20 years, the University of Michigan Biological Station Ameriflux site has supplied carbon cycling and climate data to researchers worldwide. These data are used by modelers, remote sensing scientists, observationalists, and other investigators from across the globe to evaluate large spatial scale carbon cycling patterns, parameterize and evaluate simulation (including climate) models, and gauge the capacity of northern temperate forests to sequester carbon. As an Ameriflux Core Site supported by the Department of Energy, we help collect, deliver, and synthesize data for two co-located research forests: US-UMB and US-UMd. Established in 1998, US-UMB supplies carbon cycling data for a 100-yr-old secondary forest and US-UMd, launched in 2007, measures carbon fluxes originating from an experimental forest in which a third of all trees were killed to simulate a moderate severity disturbance, similar to that which occurs from insects. Our team collects complementary on-the-ground carbon cycling data, which is openly available via Ameriflux. Data from our site have contributed to hundreds of research papers. 

Rice Rivers Center tower

Carbon dioxide and methane exchange in a tidal freshwater marsh.

Wetlands take up carbon dioxide and store large amounts of carbon, while releasing methane, a potent greenhouse gas. The environmental and biological controls over the exchange of greenhouse gases between wetlands and the atmosphere, however, are numerous, complex, and do not necessarily parallel those of upland terrestrial ecosystems, which are more thoroughly studied. This research, supported by the Department of Energy, engages a continent-wide network of meteorological “flux” towers on the east and west coasts of North America to elucidate what controls greenhouse gas emissions and uptake in tidal wetlands. We partner with numerous sites, institutions, and researchers on both coasts, while maintaining our data collection from within a restored, early successional marsh at the Rice Rivers Center, adjoining the James River.


120. Hickey LJ,* Nave LE, Nadelhoffer KJ, Clay C*, Marini AI, Gough CM. 2022. Mechanistically-grounded pathways connect remotely sensed canopy structure to soil respiration. Science of the Total Environment, in press.

*MS student

119. Clippard EA*, Haruna SI, Curtis PS, Clay C**, Bond-Lamberty B, Mathes K***, Vogel CS, Gough CM. Decadal Forest Soil Respiration Following Stem-Girdling.  Trees, Structure and Function, in press.  

*REU mentee

**MS student

***PhD student

118. Niedermaier Kerstin M. , Jeff W. Atkins, Maxim S. Grigri, Ben Bond-Lamberty, Christopher M. Gough. Structural complexity and primary production resistances are coupled in a temperate forest. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change. 10.3389/ffgc.2022.941851.

117. Kneeshaw D, Gough CM. 2022. North Temperate and Boreal Forests : The Challenges of Growing in the North. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change.

116. Gough CM, Atkins JW*, Fahey RT, Curtis PS, Bohrer G, Hardiman BS, Hickey LJ**, Nave LE, Niedermaier KM**, Clay CS**, Tallant JM, Bond-Lamberty B. 2022. Disturbance has variable effects on the structural complexity of a temperate forest landscape. Ecological Indicators,

*Former postdoc

**MS graduate

115.  Clay C*, Nave L, Nadelhoffer K, Vogel C, Proposon B,  Hickey LJ*, Barry A**., Gough  CM. 2022. Fire after clear-cut harvesting minimally affected the recovery of ecosystem carbon pools and fluxes in a Great Lakes forest, Forest Ecology and Management, 

*MS graduate

*undergraduate researcher

114.  Aaron Teets, David J. P. Moore, M. Ross Alexander, Peter D. Blanken, Gil Bohrer, Sean P. Burns, Mariah S. Carbone, Mark J. Ducey, Shawn Fraver, Christopher M. Gough, David Y. Hollinger, George Koch, Thomas Kolb, J. William Munger, Kimberly A. Novick, Scott V. Ollinger, Andrew P. Ouimette, Neil Pederson, Daniel M. Ricciuto, Bijan Seyednasrollah, Christoph S. Vogel, Andrew D. Richardson. 2022. Coupling of Tree Growth and Photosynthetic Carbon Uptake Across six North American Forests. Journal of Geophysical Research — Biogeosciences, 127, e2021JG006690.

113. D. Dwivedi, A.L.D. Santos, M.A. Barnard, T.M. Crimmins, A. Malhotra, K.A. Rod, K.S. Aho, S.M. Bell, B. Bomfim, F.Q. Brearley, H. Cadillo-Quiroz, J. Chen, C.M. Gough, E.B. Graham, C.R. Hakkenberg, L. Haygood, G. Koren, E.A. Lilleskov, L.K. Meredith, S. Naeher, Z.L. Nickerso, O. Pourret, H.-S. Song, M. Stahl, N. Tas, R. Vargas, and S. Weintraub-Leff.  2022. Biogeosciences Perspectives on Integrated, Coordinated, Open, Networked (ICON) Science, Earth and Space Science, 9, e2021EA002119.

112. Gough CM, Foster JR, Bond-Lamberty B, and Tallant JM. 2022. Inferring the effects of partial defoliation on the carbon cycle from forest structure: challenges and opportunities. Environmental Research Letters, 17 011002,

111. Dorheim K, Gough CM, Haber L*, Mathes KC*, Shiklomnanov A, Bond-Lamberty Ben. 2022. Climate drives modeled forest carbon cycling resistance and resilience in the Upper Great Lakes Region, USA. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 127, e2021JG006587.

*VCU PhD candidate

110.  Atkins J*, Walter J, Stovall A, Fahey R, Gough C. 2022. Power-law scaling relationships link forest complexity and canopy height across forest types, Functional Ecology, 36, 713– 726.

*former postdoc

109. Gough, C. 2021. Forest Carbon Sequestration Increases Following a Large-Scale Manipulation of Moderate Severity Disturbance. Bull Ecol Soc Am 102( 4):e01923.

108.     Mirco Migliavacca, Talie Musavi, Miguel D. Mahecha, Jacob A. Nelson, Jürgen Knauer, Dennis D. Baldocchi, Oscar Perez-Priego, Karen Anderson, Michael Bahn, Andrew T. Black, Peter D. Blanken, Damien Bonal, Nina Buchmann, Silvia Caldararu, Arnaud Carrara, Nuno Carvalhais, Alessandro Cescatti, Jiquan Chen, James Cleverly, Edoardo Cremonese, Ankur R. Desai, Tarek S. El-Madany, M. Fernández-Martínez, Gianluca Filippa, Matthias Forkel, Marta Galvagno, Martha M. Gebhardt, Christopher M. Gough, Mathias Göckede, Andreas Ibrom, Hiroki Ikawa, Ivan A. Janssens, Martin Jung, Jens Kattge, Trevor F. Keenan, Alexander Knohl, Hideki Kobayashi, Guido Kraemer, Beverly E. Law, Michael J. Liddell, Xuanlong Ma, Ivan Mammarella, David Martini, Craig MacFarlaine, Giorgio Matteucci, Leonardo Montagnani, Daniel E. Pabon-Moreno, Cinzia Panigada, Dario Papale, Elise Pendall, Josep Penuelas, Richard P. Phillips, Peter B. Reich, Micol Rossini, Eyal Rotenberg, Russell L. Scott, Clement Stahl, Ulrich Weber, Georg Wohlfahrt, Sebastian Wolf, Ian J. Wright, Dan Yakir, Sönke Zaehle, and Markus Reichstein. The three major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function, Nature, 598, 468–472. .

107.     Mathes KC*, Ju Y, Kleink C, Oldfield C, Bohrer G, Bond-Lamberty B, Vogel CS, Dorheim K, Gough CM. A multidimensional stability framework enhances interpretation and comparison of carbon cycling response to disturbance, 12( 11):e03800. 10.1002/ecs2.3800.

*VCU PhD candidate

106.     Fahey RT, Tanzer D, Atkins J, Gough CM, Hardiman BH. 2021 An experimental approach for crown to whole-canopy defoliation in forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. Just-IN

105.     Gough, C. M., Bohrer, G., Hardiman, B. S., Nave, L. E., Vogel, C. S., Atkins, J. W., Bond-Lamberty, B., Fahey, R. T., Fotis, A. T., Grigri, M. S., Haber, L. T., Ju, Y., Kleinke, C. L., Mathes, K. C., Nadelhoffer, K. J., Stuart-Haëntjens, E., and Curtis, P. S.. 2021. Disturbance-accelerated succession increases the production of a temperate forest. Ecological Applications 00( 00):e02417. 10.1002/eap.2417

104.     Agee, Elizabeth; Lingli He; Gautam Bisht; Valentin Couvreur; Parisa Shahbaz; Felicien Meunier; Christopher Gough; Ashley Matheny; Gil Bohrer; Valeriy Ivanov 2021. Root lateral interactions drive water uptake patterns under water limitation. Advances in Water Resources. 151: 103896.

103.     Chu, Housen; Xiangzhong Luo; Zutao Ouyang; W. Stephen Chan; Sigrid Dengel; Sébastien C. Biraud; Margaret S. Torn; Stefan Metzger; Jitendra Kumar; M. Altaf Arain; Tim J. Arkebauer; Dennis Baldocchi; Carl Bernacchi; Dave Billesbach; T. Andrew Black; Peter D. Blanken; Gil Bohrer; Rosvel Bracho; Shannon Brown; Nathaniel A. Brunsell; Jiquan Chen; Xingyuan Chen; Kenneth Clark; Ankur R. Desai; Tomer Duman; David Durden; Silvano Fares; Inke Forbrich; John A. Gamon; Christopher M. Gough; Timothy Griffis; Manuel Helbig; David Hollinger; Elyn Humphreys; Hiroki Ikawa; Hiroki Iwata; Yang Ju; John F. Knowles; Sara H. Knox; Hideki Kobayashi; Thomas Kolb; Beverly Law; Xuhui Lee; Marcy Litvak; Heping Liu; J. William Munger; Asko Noormets; Kim Novick; Steven F. Oberbauer; Walter Oechel; Patty Oikawa; Shirley A. Papuga; Elise Pendall; Prajaya Prajapati; John Prueger; William L Quinton; Andrew D. Richardson; Eric S. Russell; Russell L. Scott; Gregory Starr; Ralf Staebler; Paul C. Stoy; Ellen Stuart-Haëntjens; Oliver Sonnentag; Ryan C. Sullivan; Andy Suyker; Masahito Ueyama; Rodrigo Vargas; Jeffrey D. Wood; Donatella Zona. Representativeness of Eddy-Covariance Flux Footprints for Areas Surrounding AmeriFlux Sites. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 301-302: 108350:

102.     Niu B, Zhang X, Piao S, Janssens IA, Fu G, He Y, Zhang Y, Shi P, Dai E, Yu C, Zhang J, Yu G, Xu M, Wu J, Zhu L, Desai AR, Chen J, Bohrer G, Gough CM, Mammarella I, Varlagin A, Fares S, Zhao X, Li Y, Wang H, Ouyang Z. 2021. Warming homogenizes apparent temperature sensitivity of ecosystem respiration. Science Advances, 7, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abc7358.

101.     Johnston ASA, Meade A, Ardö J, Arriga N, Black A, Blanken PD, Bonal D, Brümmer C, Cescatti A, Dušek J, Graf A, Gioli B, Goded I, Gough CM, Ikawa H, Jassal R, Kobayashi H, Magliulo V, Manca G, Montagnani L, Moyano FE, Olesen JE, Sachs T, Shao C, Tagesson T, Georg Wohlfahrt G, Wolf S, Woodgate W, Varlagin A, Venditti C. 2021. Temperature thresholds of ecosystem respiration at a global scale. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 5, 487–494 (2021).

100.     Ely, Kim S, Alistair Rogers, Deborah A. Agarwal, Elizabeth A. Ainsworth, Loren Albert, Ashehad Ali, Jeremiah Anderson, Michael J. Aspinwall, Chandra Bellasio, Carl Bernacchi, Steve Bonnage, Thomas N. Buckley, James Bunce, Angela C. Burnett, Florian A. Busch, Amanda Cavanagh, Lucas A. Cernusak, Robert Crystal-Ornelas, Joan Damerow, Kenneth J. Davidson, Martin G. De Kauwe, Michael C. Dietze, Tomas F. Domingues, Mirindi Eric Dusenge, David S. Ellsworth, John R Evans, Paul P.G. Gauthier, Bruno O. Gimenez, Elizabeth P. Gordon, Christopher M. Gough, Aud H. Halbritter, David T. Hanson, Mary Heskel, J. Aaron Hogan, Jason R. Hupp, Kolby Jardine, Jens Kattge, Trevor Keenan, Johannes Kromdijk, Dushan P. Kumarathunge, Julien Lamour, Andrew D.B. Leakey, David S. LeBauer, Qianyu Li, Marjorie R. Lundgren, Nate McDowell, Katherine Meacham-Hensold, Belinda E. Medlyn, David J.P. Moore, Robinson Negrón-Juárez, Ülo Niinemets, Colin P. Osborne, Alexandria L. Pivovaroff, Hendrik Poorter, Sasha C. Reed, Youngryel Ryu, Alvaro Sanz-Saez,  Stephanie C. Schmiege, Shawn P. Serbin, Thomas D. Sharkey, Martijn Slot, Nicholas G. Smith, Balasaheb V. Sonawane, Paul F. South, Daisy C. Souza, Joseph Ronald Stinziano, Ellen Stuart-Haëntjens, Samuel H. Taylor, Mauricio D. Tejera, Johan Uddling, Vigdis Vandvik, Charuleka Varadharajan, Anthony P. Walker, Berkley J Walker, Jeffrey M. Warren, Danielle A. Way, Brett T. Wolfe, Jin Wu, Stan D. Wullschleger, Chonggang Xu, Zhengbing Yan, Dedi Yang. 2021. A reporting format for leaf-level gas exchange data and metadata. Ecological Informatics, 61: 101232.

99. Grigri MS*, Atkins J**, Vogel C, Bond-Lamberty B, Gough CM. 2020. Aboveground wood production is sustained in the first growing season after phloem-disrupting disturbance. Forests, 11(12):1306.

*VCU MS student

**VCU Postdoc

98. Jian J, Gough CM, Sihi D, Hopple AM, Bond-Lamberty B. 2020. Collar properties and measurement time confer minimal bias overall on annual soil respiration estimates in a global database. Journal of Geophysical Research -- Biogeosciences. 125: 12,

97. Atkins, J. W.*, Agee, E., Barry, A., Dahlin, K. M., Dorheim, K., Grigri, M. S.**, Haber, L. T.***, Hickey, L. J.**, Kamoske, A. G., Mathes, K.***, McGuigan, C., Paris****, E., Pennington, S. C., Rodriguez, C.****, Shafer, A., Shiklomanov, A., Tallant, J., Gough, C. M., and Bond-Lamberty, B. 2020. The fortedata R package: open-science datasets from a manipulative experiment testing forest resilience, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss.,, in press.

*VCU Postdoc

**VCU MS student

***VCU PhD student


96. Bond-Lamberty Ben, Danielle S. Christianson, Avni Malhotra, Stephanie C. Pennington, Debjani Sihi, Amir AghaKouchak, Hassan Anjileli, M. Atlaf Arain, Juan J. Armest, Samaneh Ashraf, Mioko Ataka, Dennis Baldocchi, Thomas Andrew Black, Nina Buchmann, Mariah S. Carbone, Shih-Chieh Chang, Patrick Crill, Peter S. Curtis, Eric A. Davidson, Ankur R. Desai, John Drake, Tarek S. El-Madany, Michael Gavazzi, Carolyn-Monika Görres, Christopher M. Gough, Michael Goulden, Jillian Gregg, Omar Gutiérrez del Arroyo, Jin-Sheng He, Takashi Hirano, Anya Hopple, Holly Hughes, Järvi Järveoja, Rachhpal Jassal, Jinshi Jian, Haiming Kan, Jason Kaye, Yuji Kominami, Naishen Liang, David Lipson, Catriona Macdonald, Kadmiel Maseyk, Kayla Mathes*, Marguerite Mauritz, Melanie A. Mayes, Steve McNulty, Guofang Miao, Mirco Migliavacca, Scott Miller, Chelcy F. Miniat, Jennifer G. Nietz, Mats B. Nilsson, Asko Noormets, Hamidreza Norouzi, Christine S. O’Connell, Bruce Osborne, Cecilio Oyonarte, Zhuo Pang, Matthias Peichl, Elise Pendall, Jorge F. Perez-Quezada, Claire L. Phillips, Richard P. Phillips, James W. Raich, Alexandre A. Renchon, Nadine K. Ruehr, Enrique P. Sánchez-Cañete, Matthew Saunders, Kathleen E. Savage, Marion Schrumpf, Russell L. Scott, Ulli Seibt, Whendee L. Silver, Wu Sun, Daphne Szutu, Kentaro Takagi, Masahiro Takagi, Munemasa Teramoto,, Mark G. Tjoelker, Susan Trumbore, Masahito Ueyama, Rodrigo Vargas, Ruth K. Varner, Joseph Verfaillie, Christoph Vogel, Jinsong Wang, Greg Winston, Tana E. Wood, Juying Wu, Thomas Wutzler, Jiye Zeng, Tianshan Zha, Quan Zhang, Junliang Zou. 2020. COSORE: A community database for continuous soil respiration and other soil-atmosphere greenhouse gas flux data. Global Change Biology, 26: 12,

*VCU PhD student

95. Gough, CM; Atkins, J*; Bond-Lamberty, B; Agee, E; Dorheim, K; Fahey, RT.; Grigri, M**; Haber, L***; Mathes***, K; Pennington, S; Shiklomanov, A; Tallant, J. 2020. Forest structural complexity and biomass predict first-year carbon cycling responses to disturbance. Ecosystems,

*VCU Postdoc

**VCU MS student

***VCU PhD student

94. Gough, CM, Atkins JA*, Fahey RT, Hardiman BS, LaRue EA. 2020. Community and structural constraints on the complexity of eastern North American forests. 2020 Global Ecology and Biogeography, 29:12:

*Postdoc advisee

93. Pastorello, G, C Trotta, E Canfora, H Chu, D Christianson, Y Cheah, C Poindexter, J Chen, A Elbashandy, M Humphrey, P Isaac, D Polidori, A Ribeca, C van Ingen, L Zhang, B Amiro, C Ammann, A Arain, J Ardo, T Arkebauer, S Arndt, N Arriga, M Aubinet, M Aurela, D Baldocchi, A Barr, E Beamesderfer, L Belelli Marchesini, O Bergeron, J Beringer, C Bernhofer, D Berveiller, D Billesbach, TA Black, P Blanken, G Bohrer, J Boike, PV Bolstad, D Bonal, J-M Bonnefond, D Bowling, R Bracho, J Brodeur, C Brümmer, N Buchmann, B Burban, S Burns, P Buysse, P Cale, m cavagna, P Cellier, S Chen, I Chini, T Christensen, J Cleverly, A Collalti, C Consalvo, B Cook, D Cook, C Coursolle, E Cremonese, P Curtis, E D'Andrea, H Rocha, X Dai, K Davis, b de cinti, A de Grandcourt, A De Ligne, R O Junior, N Delpierre, A Desai, C Di Bella, P Di Tommasi, A J. Dolman, F Domingo, G Dong, S Dore, P Duce, E Dufrêne, A Dunn, J Dušek, D Eamus, U Eichelmann, H ElKhidir, W Eugster, C Ewenz, B E. Ewers, D Famulari, S Fares, I Feigenwinter, A Feitz, R Fensholt, G Filippa, M Fischer, J Frank, M Galvagno, M Gharun, D Gianelle, B Gielen, B Gioli, A Gitelson, I Goded, M Gockede, A Goldstein, C Gough, M Goulden, A Graf, A Griebel, C Gruening, T Grünwald, A Hammerle, S Han, X Han, B Hansen, C Hanson, J Hatakka, Y He, M Hehn, B Heinesch, N Hinko-Najera, L Hörtnagl, L Hutley, A Ibrom, H Ikawa, M Jackowicz-Korczynski, D Janouš, W Jans, R Jassal, S Jiang, T Kato, M Khomik, J Klatt, A Knohl, S Knox, H Kobayashi, G Koerber, O Kolle, and Y Kosugi. 2020. The FLUXNET2015 dataset and the ONEFlux processing pipeline for eddy covariance data. 2020. Scientific Data,

92. Shiklomanov, Alexey; Bond-Lamberty, Ben; Atkins, Jeff*; Gough, Chris. 2020. Structure and parameter uncertainty in centennial projections of forest community structure and carbon cycling. Global Change Biology, 26: 11,

*Postdoc advisee

91. LaRue E, Wagner F, Fei S, Atkins J*, Fahey R, Gough C, Hardiman B. 2020. Compatibility of aerial and terrestrial LiDAR for quantifying forest structural diversity. Remote Sensing, 12, 1407.

*Postdoc advisee

90. Haber, Lisa T.*, Robert T. Fahey, Shea B. Wales**, Nicolás Correa Pascuas***, William S. Currie, Brady S. Hardiman, Christopher M. Gough. 2020. Forest structure, diversity, and primary production in relation to disturbance severity. Ecology and Evolution, 10: 4419– 4430.

*VCU PhD student

**VCU MS recipient

***Former NSF REU

89. Atkins Jeff W.*, Ben Bond-Lamberty, Robert T. Fahey, Brady S. Hardiman, Lisa Haber, Ellen Stuart-Haëntjens, Elizabeth LaRue, Brenden McNeil, David A. Orwig, Atticus E. S. Stovall, Jason Tallant, Jonathan A. Walter, and Christopher M. Gough. 2020. Application of Multidimensional Structural Characterization to Detect and Describe Moderate Forest Disturbance, Ecosphere, in press.

*Postdoc advisee

88. Wales, SB*, Kreider MR**, Atkins J***, Hulshof CM, Fahey RT, Nave, LE, Nadelhoffer, KJ, Gough CM. 2020. Stand Age, Disturbance History and the Temporal Stability of Forest Production, Forest Ecology and Management, in press.

*VCU MS recipient

**Former NSF REU

***Postdoc advisee

87. Halbritter, Aud H., H De Boeck, AE Eycott, S Reinsch, DA Robinson, S Vicca, B. Berauer, CT Christiansen, M Estiarte,  JM Grünzweig, R Gya, K Hansen, A Jentsch, H Lee, S Linder,  J Marshall,  J Peñuelas, I Kappel Schmidt, E StuartHaëntjens,  Peter Wilfahrt, the ClimMani Working Group (including Gough, C.), Vigdis Vandvik. 2020.  Methods in Ecology and Evolution.

86. Fahey RT, Atkins JW***, Gough CM, Hardiman BS, Nave LE, Tallant JM, Nadelhoffer KJ, Vogel CS, Sheuermann CM*, Stuart-Haentjens EJ**, Haber LT**, Fotis AT, Curtis PS. 2019. Defining a spectrum of integrative trait-based vegetation canopy structural type. Ecology Letters, in press.

*VCU MS recipient

**VCU PhD student/candidate

***Postdoc advisee

85. Gough CM, Atkins JW*, Fahey RT, Hardiman BS. 2019. High rates of primary production in structurally complex forests. Ecology, in press.

*Postdoc advisee

84. Hickey LJ*, Jeff Atkins***, Fahey RT, Kreider M*, Wales SB**, Gough CM. 2019. Contrasting development of canopy structure and primary production in planted and naturally regenerated red pine forests. Forests, in press.

*VCU or other undergraduate and NSF REU

**VCU MS recipient (2019)

***Postdoc advisee

83. Kuramae EE, Leite MF, Suleiman MF,  Gough CM, Castillo B, Faller L, Franklin RB,  Syring. Wood Decay Characteristics and Interspecific Interactions Control Bacterial Community Succession in Populus grandidentata (Bigtooth Aspen). 2019.  Frontiers in Microbiology. 10, 979. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00979

82. Shiklomanov A, Smallman L, Bradley L, Dahlin K, Fox A, Gough CM, Hoffman FM, Middleton E., Serbin S, Smith W. 2019. Role of Remote Sensing in Global Change Experiments, Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, 17 (4), 215-224.

81. Wu, C, Wang X, Wang H, Ciais P, Penuelas J, Myneni R, Desai A, Gough C, Gonsamo A,  Black A, Jassal R, Ju W, Yuan W, Fu Y, Shen M, Chen J, Ge Q. 2019. Contrasting responses of autumn leaf coloration to daytime and nighttime warming. Nature Climate Change, 9 (2), 177.

80. Nave LE, Le Moine JM, Gough CM, Nadelhoffer KJ. 2018. Multi-decadal trajectories of soil chemistry and nutrient availability following cutting vs. burning disturbances in upper Great Lakes forests, Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 49 (7), 731-742.

79. Domke, G., C. A. Williams, R. Birdsey, J. Coulston, A. Finzi, C. Gough, B. Haight, J. Hicke, M. Janowiak, B. de Jong, W. A. Kurz, M. Lucash, S. Ogle, M. Olguín-Álvarez, Y. Pan, M. Skutsch, C. Smyth, C. Swanston, P. Templer, D. Wear, and C. W. Woodall, 2018: Chapter 9: Forests. In Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report [Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M. A. Mayes, R. G. Najjar, S. C. Reed, P. Romero Lankao, and Z. Zhu (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 365-398,

78. Besnard, Simon; Carvalhais, Nuno; Arain, M Altaf; Black, T; Buchmann, Nina; Cescatti, Alessandro; chen, jiquan; Clevers, Jan; Desai, Ankur; Gough, Chris; Havránková, Kateina; Herold, Martin; Hoertnagl, Lukas; Jung, Martin; Knohl, Alexander; Krupkova, Lenka; Law, Beverly; Lindroth, Anders; Noormets, Asko; Roupsard, Olivier; Steinbrecher, Rainer; Varlagin, Andrej; Vincke, Caroline; Reichstein, Markus. 2018. Forest age and gross primary productivity explain annual net carbon balance, Environmental Research Letters, 13 (12), 124018.

77. Wu X, Xiao X, Zhang Y, He W, Wolf S, Chen J, He M, Gough CM, Qin Y, Zhou Y, Doughty R, Blanken PD. 2018. Spatiotemporal consistency of four gross primary production products and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence in response to climate extremes across CONUS in 2012, Journal of Geophysical Research -- Biogeosciences. 123 (10), 3140-3161.

76. Chu H, Baldocchi DD, Poindexter C, Abraha M, Desai AR, Bohrer G, Arain AM, Griffis A, Blanken PD, O'Halloran T, Thomas RQ, Zhang Q, Burns SP, Frank JM, Christian D, Brown S, Black TA, Gough CM, Law BE, Lee X, Chen J, Reed DE, Massman WJ, Clark K, Hatfield J, Prueger J, Bracho R, Baker JM, Timothy A. 2018. MartinTemporal dynamics of aerodynamic canopy height derived from eddy covariance momentum flux data across North American Flux Networks. Geophysical Research Letters, 45 (17), 9275-9287.

75. Hardiman BS., LaRue EA, Atkins JW, Fahey RT, Wagner FW, Gough, C.M. 2018. Spatial Variation in Canopy Structure across Forest Landscapes. Forests, 9, 474.

74. Scheuermann CM*, Nave LE, Fahey RT, Nadelhoffer KJ, Gough CM. 2018. Effects of canopy structure and species diversity on primary production in upper Great Lakes forests, Oecologia,

*MS student advisee

73. LaRue EA, Atkins J*, Dahlin K, Fahey R, Fei S, Gough C, Hardiman BS. 2018. Linking Landsat to terrestrial LIDAR: Vegetation metrics of forest greenness are correlated with canopy structural complexity. International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation, 73, 420-427.

*Postdoc advisee

72. Atkins JW*, Bohrer G, Fahey R, Hardiman BS, Morin TH, Stovall AEL, Zimmerman N, Gough CM. 2018 Quantifying vegetation and canopy structural complexity from terrestrial LiDAR data using the forestr R package. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 10.1111/2041-210X.13061.

*Postdoc advisee

71. Bond-Lamberty B, Bailey VL, Chen M, Gough CM, Vargas R. 2018. Globally rising soil heterotrophic respiration over recent decades. Nature, 560, 80-83.

70. Stuart-Haentjens E*, De Boeck H, Lemoine N, Mänd P, Kröel-Dulay G, Schmidt I, Jentsch A, Stampfli A, Anderegg W, Bahn M, Kreyling J, Wohlgemuth T, Lloret F, Classen A, Gough C, Smith M. 2018. Mean annual precipitation predicts primary production resistance and resilience to extreme drought. Science of the Total Environment, 636, 360-366.

*PhD student advisee

69. Curtis PS, Gough CM. 2018. Tansley Insight: Forest aging, disturbance, and the carbon cycle. New Phytologist, early view:

*Commissioned by journal

68. Yao Zhang, Xiangming Xiao, Sebastian Wolf, Jin Wu, Xiaocui Wu, Beniamino Gioli, Georg Wohlfahrt, Alessandro Cescatti, Christiaan van der Tol,  Sha Zhou, Christopher M. Gough, Pierre Gentine, Yongguang Zhang, Rainer Steinbrecher, Jonas Ardö. 2018. Spatio-temporal Convergence of Maximum Daily Light Use Efficiency Based on Radiation Absorption by Canopy Chlorophyll. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 3508–3519.

67. Atkins J*, Hardiman B, Fahey B, Gough CM. 2018. Forest structural complexity predicts canopy light absorption at the sub-continental scale. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 123, 1387–1405.

*Postdoc advisee

66. Sagara BT*, Fahey RT, Vogel CS, Curtis PS, and Gough CM. 2018. Moderate Disturbance Has Similar Effects on Production Regardless of Stand Productivity and Composition, Forests, 9(2), 70; doi:10.3390/f9020070.

*VCU M.S. graduate (2017)

65. Fahey, R.T., B. Alveshere, J. I. Burton, A. D’Amato, Y.L. Dickinson W.S. Keeton, C.C. Kern A. Larson, B. Palik, K.J. Puettmann, M.R. Saunders, C.R. Webster, J.W. Atkins*, C.M. Gough, B.S. Hardiman. 2018. Shifting conceptions of complexity in forest management and silviculture. Forest Ecology and Management, 421, 59-71.

*Postdoc advisee

64. Zhang Y, Xiao X, Zhang Y, Wolf S, Jin Wu, Zhou S, Joiner J, Guanter L, Verma M, Sun Y, Yang X, Paul-Limoges E, Gough CM, G Wohlfahrt, Gioli B, van der Tol C, Yann N, Lund M, de Grandcourt A. 2017. On the relationship between sub-daily instantaneous and daily total gross primary production: Implications for interpreting satellite-based SIF retrievals. Remote Sensing of Environment, 205: 276-289.

63. Mastrotheodoros T, Pappas C, Molnar P, Burlando P, Keenan T, Genine P, Gough C, Fatichi. 2017. Linking plant functional trait plasticity and the large increase in forest water use efficiency. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 122, 2393–2408, doi:10.1002/2017JG003890 .

62. Montané, F., Fox, A. M., Arellano, A. F., MacBean, N., Alexander, M. R., Dye, A., Bishop, D. A., Trouet, V., Babst, F., Hessl, A. E., Pederson, N., Blanken, P. D., Bohrer, G., Gough, C. M., Litvak, M. E., Novick, K. A., Phillips, R. P., Wood, J. D., and Moore, D. J. P. 2017. Evaluating the effect of alternative carbon allocation schemes in a land surface model (CLM4.5) on carbon fluxes, pools and turnover in temperate forests, Geosci. Model Dev., doi:10.5194/gmd-2017-74, 10, 3499-3517.

61. Lin H, Chen Y, Song Q, Peili Fu, Cleverly J, Magliulo V, Law BE, Gough CM, Hrtna L, Di Gennaro F, Matteucci G, Montagnan L, Duce P, Shao C, Kato T, Bonal D, Paul-Limoges E, Beringer J, Fan Z. 2017. Quantifying deforestation and forest degradation with thermal response. Science of the Total Environment, 607-607, 1286-1292.

60. Nave LE, Gough CM, Perry CH, Hofmeister KL, Le Moinea JM, Domke GM, Swanston CW, Nadelhoffer KJ. 2017. Physiographic factors underlie rates of biomass production during succession in Great Lakes forest landscapes. Forest Ecology and Management, 397, 157-173.

59. Hardiman, B., Gough, C.M., Butnor, J., Bohrer, G., Detto, M., Curtis, P. Coupling Fine-Scale Root and Canopy Structure Using Ground-Based Remote Sensing. 2017. Remote Sensing, 9, 182.

58. Wu C, Peng, D, Soudani K, Xu S, Gough CM, Arain MA, Bohrer G, Gonsamo A, Fang B. 2017. Land surface phenology derived from normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) at global FLUXNET sites, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 233, 171-182.

56. Liebman E*, Yang J*, Nave LE, Nadelhoffer KJ, Gough CM. 2017. Soil Respiration in Upper Great Lakes Old-Growth Forest Ecosystems. 2017. BIOS, 88, 3.

*Undergraduate authors and NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates advisee

56. Fahey RT, Stuart-Haëntjens EJ*, Gough CM, De La Cruz A**, Stockton E**, Vogel CS, and Curtis PS. 2016. Evaluating forest subcanopy response to moderate severity disturbance and contribution to ecosystem-level productivity and resilience, Forest Ecology and Management, 376, 135-147.

*currect VCU PhD advisee

**undergraduate co-author, NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates advisee

55. Gough CM, Curtis PS, Hardiman BS, Scheuermann C* Bond-Lamberty B. 2016. Innovative Viewpoint: Disturbance, complexity, and succession of net ecosystem production in North America's temperate deciduous forests. Ecosphere, 7:e01375.

*VCU B.S. graduate (2013); VCU M.S. student

54. Schmid AV*, Vogel CS, Liebman E, Curtis PS, Gough CM. 2016. Coarse woody debris and the carbon balance of a moderately disturbed forest. Forest Ecology and Management. 361: 38-45.

*VCU M.S. graduate (2015)

53. Fleischer K, Warlind D, van der Molen M, Rebel R, Arneth A, Erisman JW, Wassen M, Smith B, Gough C, Margolis H, Cescatti A, Montagnani L, Arain A, Dolman H. 2015. Low historical nitrogen deposition effect on carbon sequestration in the boreal zone. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 120: 2542-2561.

52. Frasson RPM, Bohrer G, Medvigy D, Matheny AM, Morin TH, Vogel CS, Gough CM, Maurer KD, Curtis PS. 2015. Modeling forest carbon cycle response to tree mortality: effects of plant functional type and disturbance intensity. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences. 120: 2178-2193.

51. D'Odorico P, Gonsamo A, Gough CM, Bohrer G, Morison J, Wilkinson M, Hanson PJ, Gianelle, Fuentes JD, Buchmann N. 2015. The match and mismatch between photosynthesis and land surface phenology of deciduous forests.  Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 15: 25-38.

50. Stuart-Haëntjens EJ*, Curtis PS, Fahey RT, Vogel CS, Gough CM. 2015. Net primary production of a temperate deciduous forest exhibits a threshold response to increasing disturbance severity. Ecology. 96: 2478-2487.

*VCU M.S. graduate (2014)

49. Xia J, Niu S, Ciais P, Janssens IA, Chen J, Ammann C, Arain A, Blanken PD, Cescatti A, Bonal D, Buchmann N, Curtis PS, Chen S, Dong J, Flanagan LB, Frankenberg C, Georgiadis T, Gough CM, Hui D, Kiely G, Li J, Lund M, Magliulo V, Marcolla B, Merbold L, Montagnani L, Moors EJ, Olesen JE, Piao S, Raschi A, Olivier R, Suyker AE, Urbaniak M, Vaccari FP, Varlagin A, Vesala T, Wilkinson M, Weng E, Wohlfahrt G, Yan L, Luo Y. 2015. Joint Control of Terrestrial Gross Primary Productivity by Plant Phenology and Physiology. Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences of the United States of America. 112: 2788-2793.

48.  Bond-Lamberty B, Fisk J, Holm JA, Bailey, Gough CM. 2015. Moderate forest disturbance as a stringent test for gap and big-leaf models. Biogeosciences. 12: 513-526.

47. Matheny AM, Bohrer G, Vogel CS, Morin TM, He L, Frasson RPM, Mirfenderesgi G, Schfer KV, Gough CM, Ivanov VY, Curtis PS. 2014. Species-specific transpiration responses to intermediate disturbance in a northern hardwood forest. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences. 119: 2292-2311.

46. Matheny AM, Bohrer G, Stoy P, Curtis P, Ivanov V, Schäfer K, Gough C. 2014. Characterizing the diurnal patterns of errors in land-surface models' prediction of evapotranspiration: an NACP analysis. 2014. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 119, 1458-1473.

45. Wu, C., Gonsamo, A., Gough, C.M., Chen, J.M., Xu, S. 2014. Modeling growing season phenology of North American forests using seasonal mean vegetation indices from MODIS. Remote Sensing of Environment, 147, 1162-1174.

44. Miaogen S, Tangy H, Richardson AE, Gough CM, Desai A, Chen J. 2014. Can EVI-derived land surface phenology be used as a surrogate for phenology of canopy photosynthesis? International Journal of Remote Sensing, 35, 1162-1174.

43. Matteo D, Bohrer G, Nietz J, Maurer K, Gough C, Curtis P. Multi-Variate Conditional Granger Causality Analysis for lagged response of Soil Respiration in a Temperate Forest, Entropy, 15, 4266-4284.

42. Wu C., Gough C.M., Chen J.M., Gonsamo A. 2013. Evidence of autumn phenology control on annual net ecosystem productivity in two temperate deciduous forests. Ecological Engineering, 60, 88-95.

41. Hardiman, B.S., Bohrer, G., Gough, C.M., Curtis, P.S. 2013. Canopy structural changes following widespread mortality of canopy dominant trees. Forests, 4, 537-552.

40. Hardiman, B.S., Gough, C.M., Halperin A.*, Hofmeister K.*, Nave L.E., Bohrer G., Curtis P.S. 2013. Maintaining high rates of carbon storage in old forests: A mechanism linking canopy structure to forest function, Forest Ecology and Management, 298: 111-119.

*undergraduate co-author, NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates advisee

39. Stoy, P. C., Dietze, M., Richardson, A. D., Vargas, R., Barr, A. G., Anderson, R. S., Arain, M. A., Baker, I. T., Black, T. A., Chen, J. M., Cook, R. B., Gough, C. M., Grant, R. F., Hollinger, D. Y., Izaurralde, R. C., Kucharik, C. J., Lafleur, P., Law, B. E., Liu, S., Lokupitiya, E., Luo, Y., Munger, J. W., Peng, C., Poulter, B., Price, D. T., Ricciuto, D. M., Riley, W. J., Sahoo, A. K., Schaefer, K., Schwalm, C. R., Tian, H., Verbeeck, H., and Weng, E.: Evaluating the agreement between measurements and models of net ecosystem exchange at different times and time scales using wavelet coherence: an example using data from the North American Carbon Program Site-Level Interim Synthesis, Biogeosciences Discuss., 10, 3039-3077, doi:10.5194/bgd-10-3039-2013, 2013.

38. Gough C.M., Hardiman B.S., Nave L.E., Bohrer G., Maurer K.D., Vogel C.S., Nadelhoffer KJ, Curtis P.S. 2013. Sustained carbon uptake and storage following moderate disturbance in a Great Lakes forest. Ecological Applications, 23, 1202-1215. [pdf]

37. Fleischer, K., K. Rebel, M. van der Molen, J. Erisman, M. Wassen, E. van Loon, L. Montagnani, C. Gough , M. Herbst, I. Janssens, D. Gianelle, A. Dolman. 2013. The contribution of nitrogen deposition to the photosynthetic capacity of forests. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, 1-13.

36. Melaas E.K., Richardson A.D., Dragoni D., Gough C.M., Herbs M., Montagnani L., Moors E., and Friedl M.A. 2013. Using FLUXNET Data to Improve Models of Springtime Vegetation Activity Onset in Forest Ecosystems, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 171-172: 46-56.

35. Wu C., Chen J.M., Black A., Desai A.R., Gonsamo A., Jassal R.S., Price D.T., Gough C.M., Dragoni D., Bohrer G., Herbst M., Gielen B., Berninger F., Kurz W.A., Vesala T., Mammarella I., Pilegaard K., Blanken P.S. 2012. Interannual variability of net ecosystem productivity in forests is explained by carbon flux phenology in autumn. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22, 994-1006.

34. Zhang F., Chen J.M., Chen J., Gough C.M., Martin T., Dragoni. 2012. Evaluating spatial and temporal patterns of MODIS GPP over the conterminous U.S. against flux measurements and a process model. Remote Sensing of Environment, 124, 717-729.

33. Schaefer K., Schwalm C., Williams C., Arain M.A., Barr A., Chen J.M., Davis K.J., Dimitrov D., Hilton T.W., Hollinger D.Y., Humphreys E., Poulter B., Raczka B.M., Richardson A.D., Sahoo A., Thornton P., Vargas R., Verbeeck H., Anderson R., Baker I., Black A.T., Bolstad P., Chen J., Curtis P., Desai A.R., Dietze M., Dragoni D., Gough C. , Grant R.F., Gu L., Jain A., Kucharik C., Law B., Liu S., Lokipitiya E., Margolis H.A., Matamala R., McCaughey J.H., Monson R., Munger J.W., Oechel W., Peng C., Price D.T., Ricciuto D, Riley W.J., Roulet N., Tian H., Tonitto C., Torn M., Weng E., Zhou X. 2012. A Model-Data Comparison of Gross Primary Productivity: Results from the North American Carbon Program Site Synthesis. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 117, G03010.

32. Wu, C.; Chen, J. M.; Kurz, W.; Price, D. T.; Lafleur, P.; Jassal, R. S.; Dragoni, D.; Bohrer, G.; Gough, C.; Verma, S.B.; Suyker, Andrew E.; Munger, J. W. 2012. Interannual and spatial impacts of phenological transitions, growing season length, and spring and autumn temperatures on carbon sequestration: a North America flux data synthesis. Global and Planetary Change, 92-93:179-190.

31. Keenan, T.; Baker, I.; Barr, A.; Ciais, P.; Davis, K.; Dietze, M.; Dragoni, D.; Gough, C.; Grant, R.; Hollinger, D.; Hufkens, K.; Poulter, B.; McCaughey, H.; Raczka, B.; Ryu, Y.; Schaefer, K.; Tian, H.; Verbeeck, H.; Zhao, M.; Richardson, A. 2012. Terrestrial biosphere model performance for inter-annual variability of land-atmosphere CO2 exchange, Global Change Biology, 18, 1971-1987.

30. Gough C.M., Elliott H.L. 1 2012*. Lawn soil carbon storage in abandoned residential properties: An examination of ecosystem structure and function following partial human-natural decoupling, Journal of Environmental Management, 98: 155-162. [pdf]

*undergraduate co-author (VCU B.S. 2010)

29. Nave L.E., Gough C.M., Maurer K., Bohrer G., Le Moine J., Munoz A.B., Nadelhoffer K.J., Sparks J.P., Strahm B.D., Vogel C.S., Curtis P.S. 2011. Disturbance and the resilience of coupled carbon and nitrogen cycling in a north temperate forest. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116, G04016.

*Article chosen for “AGU Research Spotlight” published in EOS

28. Hardiman B.S., Bohrer G., Gough C.M. , Vogel C.S., Curtis P.S. 2011. The role of canopy structural complexity in wood net primary production of a maturing northern deciduous forest, Ecology, 92, 1818–1827.

27. Sprintsin M., Chen J.M., Desai A, Gough C.M. 2012. Evaluation of leaf-to-canopy upscaling methodologies against carbon flux data in North America, Journal of Geophysical Research -- Biogeosciences, 117, G01023.

26. Wu C., Chen J.M., Desai A.R., Hollinger D.Y., Arain M.A., Margolis H.A., Gough C.M. , Staebler R.M. 2012. Remote sensing of canopy light use efficiency in temperate and boreal forests of North America using MODIS imagery, Remote Sensing and the Environment, 118 60-72.

25. Richardson, A.; Anderson, R.; Arain, M. A.; Barr, A.; Bohrer, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, J.; Ciais, P.; Davis, K.; Desai, A.; Dietze, M.; Dragoni, D.; El Maayar, M; Garrity, S.; Gough, C.; Grant, R.; Hollinger, D.; Margolis, H.; McCaughey, H.; Migliavacca, M.; Monson, R.; Munger, J. W.; Poulter, B.; Raczka, B.; Ricciuto, D.; Sahoo, A.; Schaefer, K.; Tian, H.; Vargas, R.; Verbeeck, H.; Xiao, J.; Xue, Y. 2011. Land surface models need better representation of vegetation phenology: Results from the North American Carbon, Global Change Biology, 18, 566-584.

24. Dietze M.C., Vargas R., Richardson A.D., Stoy P., Barr A.G., Anderson R.S., Arain M.A., Baker I.T., Black T.A., Chen J.M., Flanagan L.B., Gough C.M. , Grant R.F., Hollinger D., Izaurralde C., Kucharik C.J., Lafleur P., Liu S., Lokupitiya E., Luo Y., Munger W. J., Peng C., Poulter B., Price D.T., Ricciuto D.M., Riley W.J., Sahoo A.K., Schaefer K., Tian H., Verbeeck H., Verma S.B.. 2011. Characterizing the performance of ecosystem models across time scales: A spectral analysis of the North American Carbon Program site-level synthesis, Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 116 , G04029.

23. Wang, T., P. Ciais, S. L. Piao, C. Ottlé, P. Brender, F. Maignan, M. A. Arain, A. Cescatti, D. Gianelle, C.M. Gough , L. Gu, P. Lafleur, T. Laurila, B. Marcolla, H. Margolis, L. Montagnani, E. Moors, N. Saigusa, T. Vesala, G. Wohlfahrt, C. Koven, M. Reichstein, M. Migliavacca, C. Ammann, M. Aubinet, A. Barr, C. Bernacchi, C. Bernhofer, T. Black, K. Davis, E. Dellwik, D. Dragoni, A. Don, T. Foken, A. Granier, J. Hadley, R. Hirata, D. Hollinger, T. Kato, A. Knohl, W. Kutsch, M. Marek, R. Matamala, G. Matteucci, T. Meyers, R. Monson, J. Munger, W. Oechel, K.T. Paw U, A. Suyker, Z. Tuba, R. Valentini, A. Varlagin, and S. Verma. 2011. Controls on winter ecosystem respiration in temperate and boreal ecosystems, Biogeosciences, 8, 2009-2025.

22. Yuan, W., Luo, Y., Liang, S., Yu, G., Niu, S., Stoy, P., Chen, J., Desai, A. R., Lindroth, A., Gough, C. M. , Ceulemans, R., Arain, A., Bernhofer, C., Cook, B., Cook, D. R., Dragoni, D., Gielen, B., Janssens, I., Longdoz, B., Liu, H., Lund, M., Matteucci, G., Moors, E., Scott, R. L., Seufert, G., and Varner, R. 2011. Thermal adaptation of net ecosystem exchange, Biogeosciences, 8, 1453–1463.

21. Gough C.M., Hardiman B.*, Vogel C.S., Nave L., Curtis P.S. 2010. Wood net primary production resilience in an unmanaged forest transitioning from early to middle succession, Forest Ecology and Managment, 260: 36-41. [pdf]

*Ph.D. candidate

20. Gough C.M., Flower C.E.*, Vogel C.S., Curtis P.S. 2010. Phenological and climate controls on seasonal non-structural carbohydrate dynamics of Populus grandidentata and Quercus rubra, Forests, 1: 65-81. Open access link:

*M.S. recipient and advisee

19. Gough C.M. , Fritz E.A.* 2009. Management and social indicators of soil carbon storage in a residential ecosystem, Midlothian, VA. Virginia Journal of Science, 4: 181-194. [pdf]

*Clover Hill Mathematics and Science High School student

18. Gough C.M., Flower C.*, Vogel C.S., Dragoni, D., Curtis P.S. 2009. Whole-ecosystem labile carbon production in a north temperate deciduous forest, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 149: 1531-1540. [pdf]

*M.S. recipient and advisee

17. Nave L., Vogel C.S., Gough C.M., Curtis P.S. 2009. The nitrogen budget of a northern hardwood forest: Sources and net primary productivity requirements, Canadian J. Forest Research, 39: 1108-1118.

16. Gough C.M., Vogel C.S., Schmid H.P., and Curtis P.S. 2008. Controls on annual forest carbon storage: Lessons from the past and predictions for the future, BioScience. 58: 609-622. [pdf]

15. Gough C.M., Vogel C.S., Schmid H.P., Su H.-B., and Curtis P.S. 2008. Multi-year convergence of biometric and meteorological estimates of forest carbon storage. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 148: 158-170. [pdf]

14. Desai A.R., Normeets A., Bolstad P.V., Chen J., Cook B.D., Davis K.J., Euskirchen E., Gough C., Martin J., Ricciuto D.M., Schmid H.P., Tang J., Su H., and Wang W. 2008. Influence of vegetation type, stand age and climate on carbon dioxide fluxes across the Upper Midwest, USA: Implications for regional scaling of carbon flux. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. 148: 288-308.

13. Gough C.M., Vogel C.S., Harrold K.*, George K.*, and Curtis P.S. 2007. The legacy of harvest and fire on ecosystem carbon storage in a north temperate forest, Global Change Biology 13, 1935-1949. [pdf]

*undergraduate co-author, NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates advisee

12. Gough C.M., Vogel C.S., Kazanski C.*, Nagel L.*, Flower, C.E., and Curtis P.S. 2007. Coarse woody debris and the carbon balance of a north temperate forest. Forest Ecology and Management 244: 60-67. [pdf]

*undergraduate co-author, NSF Research Experience for Undergraduates advisee

11. Sampson D.A., Waring R.H., Maier C.A. , Gough C.M., Lacey M.J., and Johnson K.H. 2006. Fertilization effects on forest carbon storage, exchange, and net primary production: a new hybrid process model for stand management. Forest Ecology and Management 221: 91-109.

10. Nave L.E., and Gough C.M. 2006. Quantifying ecological change using stable isotopes: digging deep into the past to predict the future. New Phytologist 171: 3-6.

9. Curtis P.S., Vogel C.S, Gough C.M., Schmid H.P., Su H.B., and Bovard B.D. 2005. Respiratory Carbon Losses and the Carbon-Use Efficiency of a Northern Hardwood Forest , 1999 – 2003. New Phytologist 167: 437-456. [pdf]

8. Gough C.M., Seiler J.R., Wiseman P.E, and Maier C.M. 2005. Soil CO2 efflux in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations on the Virginia Piedmont and South Carolina Coastal Plain over a rotation-length chronosequence. Biogeochemistry.73:127-147. [pdf]

7. Gough C.M., Seiler J.R., and Maier , C.A. 2004. Short-term effects of fertilization on loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) physiology. Plant, Cell and Environment 27: 876-886. [pdf]

6. Gough C.M., and Seiler J.R. 2004. An intensive examination of belowground carbon dynamics in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) immediately following diammonium phosphate fertilization. Tree Physiology 24: 845-851. [pdf]

5. Gough C.M., and Seiler J.R. 2004. The influence of environmental, soil carbon, root, and stand characteristics on soil CO2 efflux in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantations located on the South Carolina coastal plain. Forest Ecology and Management 191: 353-363. [pdf]

4. Gough C.M., Seiler J.R., Johnsen K.H., and Sampson D.A. 2004. Seasonal photosynthesis in fertilized and non-fertilized loblolly pine. Forest Science 50: 1-9. [pdf]

3. Monroe J.D., Gough C.M., Chandler L.E., Loch , J.E. Ferrante J.E., and Wright P.W. 1999. Structure, properties and tissue localization of apoplastic alpha-glucosidase in crucifers. Plant Physiology 119: 385-397.


2. Gough, C. M., Giffen, C., Woodward, T. W. 2018. Environmental Drivers of Ecosystem Carbon Fluxes from Minutes to Years. NEON Faculty Mentoring Network 2018, QUBES. doi:10.25334/Q4VD7W.

1. Gough C.M. 2010. Terrestrial primary production: Fuel for life. Nature Education Knowledge (by invitation from Nature Publishing). 

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