Critical Reception of This Side of Paradise
Fitzgerald completed a manuscript he called The Romantic Egoist in early 1918 while still in the army after having become engaged to Zelda Sayre. This was the first version of This Side of Paradise. It was decided that his best hope of having it published was to have it submitted to Charles Scribner’s Sons by his friend and mentor, Shane Leslie, who had already been published by Scribner’s. Maxwell Perkins, then a junior editor at Scribner’s, wanted to publish it, but he was over-ruled by the senior editors. Fitzgerald worked in advertising in New York in 1919, but resigned in the spring. Zelda then broke off the engagement in June, and Fitzgerald went on a drunken bender for an entire month. On July 1st, he returned home to St. Paul, and worked incessantly on a revised draft throughout the summer. He completed it in September, and re-titled This Side of Paradise, he sent it back to Scribner’s. This time Maxwell Perkins threatened to resign if they didn’t publish the book. He said at that time, “If we’re going to turn down the likes of Fitzgerald, I will lose all interest in publishing books.” This time he prevailed and Scribner’s accepted it on September 16th, 1919 when Fitzgerald was 23. It was published in early 1920.
The critical reception was mainly enthusiastic, and in many cases even gushing. The New York Times Book Review said that the book was “as nearly perfect as such a work could be.” The New York Evening Post said, “There are clever things, keen and searching things, amusingly young and mistaken things, beautiful things and pretty things…and truly inspired and elevated things, an astonishing abundance of each in This Side of Paradise.” The Chicago Evening Post said, “This book is amazingly well done.” The Baltimore Evening Sun said that the book “may be a first book, but it is also a first-rate novel.” The Philadelphia Public Ledger said, “One may hope great things from Mr. Fitzgerald.” David Bailey of the Harvard Crimson said, “The story is a little slice carved out of a real life, running over with youth and jazz and sentiment and romance and virile American humor.” Burton Roscoe of the Chicago Daily Tribune said, “it bears the impress…of genius.” The Sun and New York Herald said that it was “the most exciting first novel in many a weary day.”
But even those who loved it were cognizant of its faults. Many critics commented on the lack of a coherent plot, and the disparity between the first part and the last. The New York Times Book Review lauded the book “despite the fact that it is disconnected.” William Huse of the Chicago Evening Post gave it a highly favorable review but then said that the second half of the book “has not the satirical cleverness of the first.” Strafford P. Riggs of the Hamilton Literary Magazine said that Amory Blaine was “a picture so true to life, so amusing, and so pathetic that…we feel that we have looked into the heart of American youth,” but then said that the novel “peters out deplorably in the last quarter.”
The mixed and unfavorable reviews seemed to cluster around the themes of “immaturity” and “mere cleverness.” The San Francisco Chronicle said something about “the murky adolescence of its author.” The Nation said that Fitzgerald was “still largely absorbed by mere form and mere mood.” The Philadelphia Public Ledger said, “the author has written a clever book.” The Philadelphia Evening Public Ledger said the book was “flagrantly immature,” but then turned it into a compliment as they went on, it “could not be true to the life with which it deals if it had not been running over with immaturity.” Margaret Emerson Bailey in The Bookman said the book was valuable despite its affectations and cleverness. Francis Edgett of the Boston Evening Transcript said that Fitzgerald “adopts a method of narration that tricks us constantly into believing that he has something original to say..”
The British Press was particularly negative about the book, in some cases viewing it largely as proof of the deterioration of American morality. The Melbourne Age said, “The special claim of the book is the fidelity to certain phases of American Society. So far as the author has succeeded, America is discredited.” On the other hand the Saturday Review of London recommended the book “as a rather important study of one side of American life.” The other British publications appeared to apply a higher standard of excellence than the American press, especially since they were not burdened with any sense of national pride in the discovery of a brilliant new American novelist.
American Press Only
Good Reviews: 27
Unfavorable Reviews: 9
Mixed Reviews: 8